Regional correlations across the Internides–Externides front (northwestern Rif Belt, Morocco) during the Late Cretaceous–Early Burdigalian times: palaeogeographical and palaeotectonic implications
Kh. El Kadiri, R. Hlila, C. Sanz De Galdeano, A. C. López-Garrido, A. Chalouan, F. Serrano, A. Bahmad, A. Guerra-Merchán, H. Liemlahi, 2006. "Regional correlations across the Internides–Externides front (northwestern Rif Belt, Morocco) during the Late Cretaceous–Early Burdigalian times: palaeogeographical and palaeotectonic implications", Tectonics of the Western Mediterranean and North Africa, G. Moratti, A. Chalouan
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New insights into the palaeogeographical evolution of the Rifian Internides and their external surroundings are inferred from six key stratigraphic successions selected across the Internides-Externides front. These successions span a time interval ranging from the late Cretaceous to the early Burdigalian. The main results are: (1) important lost palaeogeographical domains should be located during the late Cretaceous-Eocene between the present-day Ghomarides and the Dorsale Calcaire, on one hand, and between the Predorsalian units and the Flysch Trough as isolated carbonate platforms, on the other hand; (2) during the late Eocene-early Oligocene an extensional tectonic event, well marked in the Dorsale Calcaire, caused the collapse of these platforms and resulted in olistostromes and coarse-grained breccias in both the Predorsalian and the Béni Ider areas; (3) by the beginning of mid-Oligocene, an overturning contractional event in the Ghomarides resulted in the regional onset of the siliciclastic depositional regime throughtout these palaeogeographical areas; (4) during the Aquitanian-early Burdigalian, the stepwise return of pelagic deposition in the Ghomarides indicates extensional phases, whereas the homogenization of the same pelagic facies over the Dorsale Calcaire and its external surroundings may indicate that the previously distant palaeogeographical areas were brought nearer (i.e. just before large-scale thrusting).
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This book provides an insight into the overall tectonic evolution of the Western Mediterranean region and North Africa. The tectonic setting of the region reflects a long-lived and complex evolution, mainly related to the Alpine Orogeny. This inheritance is expressed by an intricate pattern of arc-shaped mountain chains, the Alps, the Betic–Rif Cordilleras and the Apennine–Maghrebian belt, whose southern branches mark the present limit between the African and Eurasian plates. The volume covers the Maghrebian chains in North Africa, from Tunisia to Morocco and the Western and Central Mediterranean, from Spain to Italy from the pre-orogeric phases (Palaeozoic–Mesozoic) to the post-collisional neotectonic and Quaternary development. It includes both original research papers and syntheses dealing with the aspects of structural, sedimentary, metamorphic and marine geology.