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The article argues that the classical (Aristotelian) understanding of meteorology underwent a profound change by the late 18th century. As a result of a series of empirical, theoretical, methodological and institutional changes in the European earth sciences, meteorology ceased to be understood as a natural philosophy of ‘meteors’ and was more closely associated with the laws of the gaseous atmosphere. This shift had a direct effect on how one understood the origins of ‘meteors’ and their relationship with the phenomena of the weather.

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