Cool-water shell bed taphofacies from Miocene–Pliocene shelf sequences in New Zealand: utility of taphofacies in sequence stratigraphic analysis
Published:January 01, 2006
Austin J. W. Hendy, Peter J. J. Kamp, Adam J. Vonk, 2006. "Cool-water shell bed taphofacies from Miocene–Pliocene shelf sequences in New Zealand: utility of taphofacies in sequence stratigraphic analysis", Cool-Water Carbonates: Depositional Systems and Palaeoenvironmental Controls, H. M. Pedley, G. Carannante
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An investigation of the taphonomy, palaeoecology and stratigraphy of cool-water skeletal concentrations (shell beds) of the Matemateaonga Formation (Late Miocene–Early Pliocene) of Wanganui Basin, New Zealand, has provided the basis for the classification of taphofacies presented here. Two taphofacies described from transgressive systems tracts include the amalgamated shell bed and sediment starved shell bed taphofacies, representing skeletal concentration dominated by wave and current agitation, and sediment starvation, respectively. A further five taphofacies described from highstand and regressive systems tracts exhibit a gradient of sedimentological, taphonomic and palaeoecological properties that result from variation in storm event and fair-weather wave processes across the palaeoshelf bathymetric gradient. A principal components analysis of semi-quantitative data (53 observations) from sequences in Manutahi-1 well core demonstrates that taphonomic properties may be limited to particular systems tracts in some cases, but can also be repeated in different system tracts where the depositional environments are similar. Taphofacies, which are contained within siliciclastic-dominated portions of sequences (highstand and regressive systems tracts) possess little direct relevance to sequence stratigraphic analyses, but do provide valuable information on environmental conditions, in particular, depth relative to storm and fair-weather wave base, and proximity to shoreline.
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Cool-Water Carbonates: Depositional Systems and Palaeoenvironmental Controls
During the past decade, work on cool water carbonates has expanded to become a mainstream research area. Studies on modern and Quaternary deposits will continue to be important; however, there is increasing momentum towards unravelling sediment processes, biota-sediment interactions and diagenetic products in Cenozoic and older cool-water carbonates.
Many contributions in this book document Cenozoic and Quaternary carbonates from landlocked (microtidal) water-bodies. These carbonates display important differences in biota and fabric distributions when compared with world ocean examples. Consequently, the scientific community is now better placed to reinterpret pre-Tertiary carbonates where there is a suspicion that they have developed under microtidal conditions. Some papers in the book provide new approaches to interpreting environmental change within macrotidal regimes and others lay firm foundations for future cool-water carbonate diagenetic research
The aim of the book is to illustrate recent international contributions to cool-water carbonates research, with an emphasis on Neogene and Recent case studies. Contributions are divided into three sections: microtidal carbonates from the Mediterranean realm; macrotidal examples from New Zealand, Australia and Mexico; and early diagenetic fabrics.