Fans with forests: contemporary hydrogeomorphic processes on fans with forests in west central British Columbia, Canada
D. J. Wilford, M. E. Sakals, J. L. Innes, R. C. Sidle, 2005. "Fans with forests: contemporary hydrogeomorphic processes on fans with forests in west central British Columbia, Canada", Alluvial Fans: Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Dynamics, A. M. Harvey, A. E. Mather, M. Stokes
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Alluvial and colluvial fans with forest cover are common in the valleys of west central British Columbia, Canada. Given the low population density of the region, most of these fans are uninhabited and the primary land use is forestry. The fans are desirable for timber harvesting due to the combination of the relatively easy access to their valley-bottom locations and their high-quality timber. However, they are also sites influenced by debris flows, debris floods and floods, and the interaction between conventional forest practices and these natural hydrogeomorphic processes has led to substantial financial costs and disturbance to forests and stream channels. Basic watershed morphometrics can be used to predict the dominant hydrogeomorphic process influencing forested fans. The hydrogeomorphically active zones of forested fans have characteristic site and stand features, and are referred to as the hydrogeomorphic riparian zone. Features within these zones can be used to determine the frequency and disturbance extent of hydrogeomorphic events. Appropriate management strategies can be developed to limit the effect of forestry activities on natural hydrogeomorphic processes.
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Alluvial fans are important sedimentary environments. They trap sediment delivered from mountain source areas, and exert an important control on the delivery of sediment to downstream environments, to axial drainages and to sedimentary basins. They preserve a sensitive record of environmental change within the mountain source areas. Alluvial fan geomorphology and sedimentology reflect not only drainage basin size and geology, but change in response to tectonic, climatic and base-level controls. One of the challenges facing alluvial fan research is to resolve how these gross controls are reflected in alluvial fan dynamics and to apply the results of studies of modern fan processes and Quaternary fans to the understanding of sedimentary sequences in the rock record. This volume includes papers based on up-to-date research, and focuses on three themes: alluvial fan processes, dynamics of Quaternary alluvial fans and fan sedimentary sequences. Linking the papers is an emphasis on the controls of fan geomorphology, sedimentology and dynamics. This provides a basis for integration between geomorphological and sedimentological approaches, and an understanding how fluvial systems respond to tectonic, climatic and base-level changes.