MOPOD: a generic model of porosity development
Published:January 01, 2005
A code, MOPOD, has been developed to investigate general relationships between simple porosity growth laws and pore growth phenomena. MOPOD has been formulated as an ‘initial value problem’ and to date, investigations have focused on a very simple porosity growth law of the form dai(t)/dt = vei, where e is the aperture growth rate exponent. A range of qualitatively distinct evolved geometries have been described for porosity growth on 2D and 3D arrays of varying geometries and connectivities as a function of the exponent, e, of the aperture growth-rate law, and the width of the initial aperture distribution, σz. At low growth-rate exponents and moderate values of σz over time there is a homogenization of apertures oriented sub-parallel to the head gradient. At moderate growth-rate exponents these apertures become increasingly heterogeneous in evolved arrays, with planar heterogeneities developing sub-parallel to the head gradient for low values of σz while anastomosing structures develop at higher values of σz. For larger growth-rate exponents preferentially enlarged array-spanning paths develop. No self-organization phenomena have been observed because periodic or cyclic behaviour is not inherent in the simple growth laws investigated to date.
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Understanding the Micro to Macro Behaviour of Rock–Fluid Systems
Understanding how fluids flow through though rocks is very important in a number of fields. Almost all of the world's oil and gas are produced from underground reservoirs. Knowledge of how they got where they are, what keeps them there and how they migrate through the rock is very important in the search for new resources, as well as for maximising the extraction of as much of the contained oil/gas as possible. Similar understanding is important for managing groundwater resources and for predicting how hazardous or radioactive waste or carbon dioxide will behave if stored or disposed of underground. Unravelling the complex behaviour of fluids as they flow through rock is difficult, but important. We cannot see through rock, so we need to predict how and where fluids flow. Understanding the type of rock, its porosity, the character and pattern of fractures within it and how fluids flows through it are important. Some contributors to this volume have been trying to understand real rocks in real situations and others have been working on computer models and laboratory simulations. Put together, these approaches have yielded very useful results, many of which are discussed in this volume.