Hydrological and geochemical factors controlling leachate composition in incinerator ash landfills
C. Annette Johnson, Karim C. Abbaspour, 2004. "Hydrological and geochemical factors controlling leachate composition in incinerator ash landfills", Energy, Waste and the Environment: a Geochemical Perspective, R. Gieré, P. Stille
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The hydrological and geochemical processes that control leachate composition are discussed for two examples, the first being a landfill containing municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) bottom ash, Landfill Lostorf, and the second a lysimeter containing blocks of cement-stabilized MSWI air pollution control (APC) residues. In both examples the leachate consists of a component that takes months to years to pass through the landfill and rainwater that passes through the landfilled material via preferential flow paths. The composition of the leachate is relatively constant and is only diluted with rainwater during rain events. The concentration of major leachate components (Na+, K+, Cl− and OH−) is controlled by diffusion processes and by the precipitation of solubility-controlling phases (Ca(II), Al(III), and Si(IV)). The observed concentrations of some relatively insoluble heavy metal and metalloid species may be explained by the precipitation of secondary phases. More soluble species may be adsorbed on surfaces of or incorporated in minerals, but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated.
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This book provides incentives for further development of sustainable fuel cycles through a novel and interdisciplinary approach to an Earth science-related topic. The main focus is on geochemical concepts in immobilizing, isolating or neutralizing waste derived from energy production and consumption. The book also addresses the issue of using some types of energy-derived waste as alternative raw materials. Moreover, it highlights research on how certain wastes can be used for energy production, an increasingly important aspect of modern integrated waste management strategies. The main objectives are to: (a) identify the most serious environmental problems related to various types of power generation and associated waste accumulation; (b) present strategies, based on natural analogue materials, for the immobilization of toxic and radioactive waste components through mineralogical barriers; (c) discuss modern procedures for reuse of waste or certain waste components; and (d) review the importance of geochemical modelling in describing and predicting the interaction between waste and the environment.