Incinerator waste as secondary raw material: examples of applications in glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics
Luisa Barbieri, Isabella Lancellotti, 2004. "Incinerator waste as secondary raw material: examples of applications in glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics", Energy, Waste and the Environment: a Geochemical Perspective, R. Gieré, P. Stille
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The recovery and beneficiation of solid waste residues (bottom and fly ash) produced during incineration of municipal wastes are very important goals from the environmental and economic point of view. Some technologies allow not only to reduce the volume of incinerator waste but also to generate products of economic value by vitrification, devitrification, and ceramic processes. Bottom ash is preferable compared to fly ash as a secondary raw material. Mixed with glass cullet, bottom ash can be easily transformed into homogeneous and inert glasses, which can be transformed into glass fibres or sintered glass-ceramics after controlled thermal treatments. Alternatively, bottom ash can be used to produce tiles, in particular glazed tiles containing vitrified bottom ash in the ceramic body, and possibly bricks. The results presented in this review are promising and in accordance with the waste minimization policy as well as resources conservation.
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Energy, Waste and the Environment: a Geochemical Perspective
This book provides incentives for further development of sustainable fuel cycles through a novel and interdisciplinary approach to an Earth science-related topic. The main focus is on geochemical concepts in immobilizing, isolating or neutralizing waste derived from energy production and consumption. The book also addresses the issue of using some types of energy-derived waste as alternative raw materials. Moreover, it highlights research on how certain wastes can be used for energy production, an increasingly important aspect of modern integrated waste management strategies. The main objectives are to: (a) identify the most serious environmental problems related to various types of power generation and associated waste accumulation; (b) present strategies, based on natural analogue materials, for the immobilization of toxic and radioactive waste components through mineralogical barriers; (c) discuss modern procedures for reuse of waste or certain waste components; and (d) review the importance of geochemical modelling in describing and predicting the interaction between waste and the environment.