Oblique magnetic fabric in siderite-bearing pelitic rocks of the Upper Carboniferous Culm Basin, SW England: an indicator for palaeo-fluid migration?
Helga De Wall, Laurence N. Warr, 2004. "Oblique magnetic fabric in siderite-bearing pelitic rocks of the Upper Carboniferous Culm Basin, SW England: an indicator for palaeo-fluid migration?", Magnetic Fabric: Methods and Applications, F. Martín-Hernández, C. M. Lüneburg, C. Aubourg, M. Jackson
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A zone of siderite dominated magnetic fabrics is recognized within clastic argillaceous rocks of the southern part of the Upper Carboniferous Culm foreland basin of SW England. This zone was identified by measuring the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) before and after heat treatment of samples. A detailed investigation of a recumbent fold structure within this zone (at the well-known Crackington Haven locality) reveals the pre-folding nature of siderite formation. The restored κmax axes of AMS-ellipsoids plot on a segment of a small circle, with a mean inclination of c. 45° to the pole of the sedimentary bedding planes. This oblique magnetic fabric geometry is considered to reflect substrate-controlled siderite growth within a migrating fluid medium, which crystallized during diagenesis and the early stages of Variscan compression. The regional distribution of siderite growth, in combination with the directional information from the AMS, is discussed as an indicator for the palaeo-flow direction of diagenetic fluids within a foreland basin setting.
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Fabric is a ubiquitous and significant feature of geological materials. The processes involved in the formation and deformation of rocks and sediments leave their mark on the orientations of the constituent mineral grains. Petrofabrics thus provide essential keys to understanding the history of geological materials. Magnetic anisotropy is directly related to petrofabric, and has become one of the most rapid, sensitive and widely used tools for its characterization. The relationship between magnetic fabric and petrofabric is complex and depends on various factors including the composition, concentration and grain size of mineral grains. Ongoing research in geological applications is paralleled by studies of the fundamental mineral magnetic phenomena involved.
The papers in this book represent the current state of investigations in magnetic anisotropy studies as a discipline that integrates geological interpretations, mineral fabric development, technical advances and rock-magnetic properties.