Phyllosilicate preferred orientation as a control of magnetic fabric: evidence from neutron texture goniometry and low and high-field magnetic anisotropy (SE Rhenohercynian Zone of Bohemian Massif)
Martin Chadima, Anke Hansen, Ann M. Hirt, František Hrouda, Heinrich Siemes, 2004. "Phyllosilicate preferred orientation as a control of magnetic fabric: evidence from neutron texture goniometry and low and high-field magnetic anisotropy (SE Rhenohercynian Zone of Bohemian Massif)", Magnetic Fabric: Methods and Applications, F. Martín-Hernández, C. M. Lüneburg, C. Aubourg, M. Jackson
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The low- and high-field magnetic anisotropy (AMS, HFA) of the Rhenohercynian mudstones and greywackes is compared to the theoretical anisotropy calculated from neutron texture goniometry measurements. The magnetic anisotropy is predominantly carried by the paramagnetic phyllosilicates in the form of chlorite/mica stacks and the ferromagnetic contribution is insignificant. The respective principal directions of the theoretical anisotropy and the AMS and HFA are sub-parallel; magnetic foliation reflects the orientation of the maximal concentration of phyllosilicate basal planes, magnetic lineation is subparallel to the intersection axis of those planes. For the purpose of quantitative comparison, the infrequently used standard deviatoric susceptibility as a measure of the HFA degree is employed. A very good linear correlation of the degree of theoretical anisotropy and the measured AMS and HFA is found. The prolate and oblate shapes of the respective fabric ellipsoids are reasonably well correlated. Neutron texture goniometry justifies the use of the conventional magnetic anisotropy technique for the assessment of the mineral fabric of studied rocks. When compared with other works relating the magnetic anisotropy to the mineral preferred orientation (examined by e.g. U-stage or X-ray texture goniometry) neutron texture goniometry seems to be a preferable and very precise method fabric analysis.
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Fabric is a ubiquitous and significant feature of geological materials. The processes involved in the formation and deformation of rocks and sediments leave their mark on the orientations of the constituent mineral grains. Petrofabrics thus provide essential keys to understanding the history of geological materials. Magnetic anisotropy is directly related to petrofabric, and has become one of the most rapid, sensitive and widely used tools for its characterization. The relationship between magnetic fabric and petrofabric is complex and depends on various factors including the composition, concentration and grain size of mineral grains. Ongoing research in geological applications is paralleled by studies of the fundamental mineral magnetic phenomena involved.
The papers in this book represent the current state of investigations in magnetic anisotropy studies as a discipline that integrates geological interpretations, mineral fabric development, technical advances and rock-magnetic properties.