Distribution anisotropy: the influence of magnetic interactions on the anisotropy of magnetic remanence
Adrian R. Muxworthy, Wyn Williams, 2004. "Distribution anisotropy: the influence of magnetic interactions on the anisotropy of magnetic remanence", Magnetic Fabric: Methods and Applications, F. Martín-Hernández, C. M. Lüneburg, C. Aubourg, M. Jackson
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The anisotropy of magnetic remanence (AMR) is often used as a tool for examining magnetic anisotropy of rocks. However, the influence of magnetostatic interactions on AMR has not been previously rigorously addressed either theoretically or experimentally, though it is widely thought to be highly significant. Using a three-dimensional micromagnetic algorithm, we have conducted a systematic numerical study of the role of magnetostatic interactions on AMR. We have considered both lineation and foliation, by modelling assemblages of ideal single domain grains and magnetically non-uniform magnetite-like cubic grains. We show that magnetostatic interactions strongly affect the measured AMR signal. It is found that depending on the orientation of the single-grain anisotropy and grain spacing it is possible for the AMR signal from a chain or grid of grains to be either oblate or prolate. For non-uniform grains, the degree of anisotropy generally increases with increasing interactions. In the modelling of AMR anisotropy, saturation isothermal remanence was chosen for numerical tractability. The influence of interactions on other types of more commonly measured AMR, are considered in light of the results in this paper.
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Fabric is a ubiquitous and significant feature of geological materials. The processes involved in the formation and deformation of rocks and sediments leave their mark on the orientations of the constituent mineral grains. Petrofabrics thus provide essential keys to understanding the history of geological materials. Magnetic anisotropy is directly related to petrofabric, and has become one of the most rapid, sensitive and widely used tools for its characterization. The relationship between magnetic fabric and petrofabric is complex and depends on various factors including the composition, concentration and grain size of mineral grains. Ongoing research in geological applications is paralleled by studies of the fundamental mineral magnetic phenomena involved.
The papers in this book represent the current state of investigations in magnetic anisotropy studies as a discipline that integrates geological interpretations, mineral fabric development, technical advances and rock-magnetic properties.