Magnetic fabric characterization methods and mineral sources
The anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) of rocks is controlled by preferentially oriented magnetic mineral grains that carry AMS and, therefore, it contains information about both the grain susceptibilities and the grain orientations. Under certain conditions, information about the grain orientations can be deduced from the AMS. For a multigrain system composed of identical grains that are magnetically uniaxial (for the grain principal susceptibilities it holds that K1 > K2 = K3, or K1 = K2 > K3), an exact relationship exists between the AMS and the orientation tensor. We investigate the extent to which the theoretical relationships can be used when grains are generally triaxial. The parallelism of the principal directions of the susceptibility tensor and those of the orientation tensor are well preserved in all basic grain configurations. If grain leading axes have polar or girdle distributions and the two other axes have balanced distributions (similar orientation tensors), the parameters of intensity I and shape T based on the eigenvalues of the orientation tensor are well estimated. For unbalanced distributions, formulas are found for possible errors of I and T estimates.