Nd and Sr isotopic signatures of metasedimentary rocks around the South Pacific margin and implications for their provenance
C. J. Adams, R. J. Pankhurst, R. Maas, I. L. Millar, 2005. "Nd and Sr isotopic signatures of metasedimentary rocks around the South Pacific margin and implications for their provenance", Terrane Processes at the Margins of Gondwana, A. P. M. Vaughan, P. T. Leat, R. J. Pankhurst
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An Nd-Sr isotope database, including c. 200 new analyses, is presented for Palaeozoic and Mesozoic metasedimentary successions extending through southeastern Australia, New Zealand, West Antarctica and the Antarctic Peninsula to southern South America. Combining with U-Pb detrital zircon age data, this enables characterization of New Zealand terranes, especially within the Eastern Province, where there is a progression from westernmost terranes of both volcanic/volcaniclastic and accretionary origin with primitive sediment sources, to easternmost terranes with mature continental sediment inputs. In southern South America, West Antarctica and the Antarctica Peninsula, similar accretionary complexes have Nd model ages principally reflecting mixing of sedimentary material from multiple sources, both mature and juvenile. A mature Gondwana continental provenance dominates in sedimentary basins inboard of the active margin, especially in the Palaeozoic (Western Province, New Zealand, interior West Antarctica and NW Argentina), and contributes significantly to pre-Mesozoic sedimentary rocks of Patagonia east of the Andes. Along the Gondwanaland margin, Nd systematics for younger (late Palaeozoic to early Mesozoic) accretionary complex metasediments reflect younger source inputs, notably in the Scotia metamorphic complex. Many of the accretionary complex deposits must involve significant crustal reworking. There is no apparent South American equivalent of the primitive provenance of the westernmost accretionary terranes of New Zealand.
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Terrane Processes at the Margins of Gondwana
The Australide orogen, the southern hemisphere Neoproterozoic to Mesozoic terrane accretionary orogen that forms the palaeo-Pacific margin of Gondwana, is one of the largest and longest-lived orogens on Earth. This book brings together a series of reviews and multidisciplinary research papers that comprehensively cover the Australides from the Tasman orogen of eastern Australia to the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic orogens of South America, taking in New Zealand and Antarctica along the way. It deals with the evolution of the southern Gondwana margin, as it grew during a series of terrane accretion episodes from the late Proterozoic through to final fragmentation in mid-Cretaceous times. Global perspectives are given by comparison with the Palaeozoic northern Gondwana margin and documentation of world-wide terrane accretion episodes in the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic and mid-Cretaceous. The Tasmanides of eastern Australia, and the terrane histories of New Zealand and souther South America are given comprehensive up-to-date reviews.