Kinematics of syneclogite deformation in the Bergen Arcs, Norway: implications for exhumation mechanisms
Published:January 01, 2005
Hugues Raimbourg, Laurent Jolivet, Loïc Labrousse, Yves Leroy, Dov Avigad, 2005. "Kinematics of syneclogite deformation in the Bergen Arcs, Norway: implications for exhumation mechanisms", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere, D. Gapais, J. P. Brun, P. R. Cobbold
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The northwestern part of Holsnøy island, in the Bergen Arcs, Norway, consists of a granulite-facies protolith partially transformed at depth in eclogite (700 °C, > 19 kbars) and amphibolite (650 °C, 8–10 kbars) facies during the Caledonian orogenesis. Eclogitized zones are mainly planar objects (fractures with parallel reaction bands and cm-to-100 m-scale shear zones). Eclogitic zones are distributed in two sets of orientations and the associated deformation can be described as ‘bookshelf tectonics’. The major shear zones strike around N120 and dip to the North, and show consistent top-to-the-NE shear sense throughout the area.
In the large-scale kinematic frame of Caledonian NW-dipping slab, eclogitic shear zones are interpreted as the way to detach crustal units from the subducting slab and to prevent their further sinking. As the retrograde amphibolitic deformation pattern is similar to the eclogitic one, the detached crustal units started their way up along these eclogitic shear zones. Radiometric ages of eclogitic and amphibolitic metamorphism and their comparison with the chronology of Caledonian orogenesis show that the deformation recorded on Holsnøy occurred in a convergent context. The mechanism we propose can thus account for the first steps of exhumation during collision.
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Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere
This book consists of 18 papers on deformation mechanisms, theology and tectonics. The main approaches include experimental rock deformation, microstructural analysis, field structural studies, analogue and numerical modelling. New results on various topics are presented, ranging from brittle to ductile deformation and grain-scale to lithosphere-scale mechanisms.
The volume will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers in the fields of structural geology, interactions between metamorphism, fluids and deformation, and large-scale tectonic processes.