Dynamic recrystallization and strain softening of olivine aggregates in the laboratory and the lithosphere
Published:January 01, 2005
Martyn R. Drury, 2005. "Dynamic recrystallization and strain softening of olivine aggregates in the laboratory and the lithosphere", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere, D. Gapais, J. P. Brun, P. R. Cobbold
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The effects of dynamic recrystallization on the deformation mechanisms and rheology of olivine aggregates in the laboratory and the lithosphere are reviewed in this paper. The low-strain rheology of olivine is well documented; however, deformation in the lithosphere often involves large strains. Large strain experiments show that recrystallization can result in both hardening and softening during deformation. Moderate strain softening in experimental shear and torsion can be explained by the operation of dislocation-accommodated grain boundary sliding in bands of fine recrystallized grains.
Data on the temperature dependence of recrystallized grain size are needed to extrapolate the effects of dynamic recrystallization to the lithosphere. Theories of dynamic recrystallization suggest that grain size is strongly stress dependent and moderately temperature dependent. A re-analysis of experimental grain size data indicates that the recrystallized grain size is temperature independent for olivine aggregates with low water content (<300 ppm H/Si).
Rheological regime maps have been constructed for the lithospheric mantle. The maps suggest that grain size sensitive power law creep, involving both grain boundary sliding and dislocation creep, will produce strong strain softening, greater than found so far in experimental studies, in dry and wet lithosphere shear zones.
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Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere
This book consists of 18 papers on deformation mechanisms, theology and tectonics. The main approaches include experimental rock deformation, microstructural analysis, field structural studies, analogue and numerical modelling. New results on various topics are presented, ranging from brittle to ductile deformation and grain-scale to lithosphere-scale mechanisms.
The volume will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers in the fields of structural geology, interactions between metamorphism, fluids and deformation, and large-scale tectonic processes.