Textural controls on the brittle deformation of dolomite: the transition from brittle faulting to cataclastic flow
Published:January 01, 2005
N. J. Austin, L. A. Kennedy, J. M. Logan, R. Rodway, 2005. "Textural controls on the brittle deformation of dolomite: the transition from brittle faulting to cataclastic flow", Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere, D. Gapais, J. P. Brun, P. R. Cobbold
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To investigate the role of texture on the brittle deformation of dolomite, 23 triaxial deformation experiments were performed at confining pressures of 25, 50, and 100 MPa, dry, at room temperature, on dolomite from three texturally distinct sample suites. The variations in the mechanical response of these mineralogically and chemically similar dolomites, and the ensuing microstructures, indicate that grain boundary textures promote or inhibit the ability of grains to shear and rotate with respect to one another, whereas the presence of intragranular flaws, such as cleavage, that act as weaknesses, promote intragranular deformation. In samples with porosities greater than c. 7%, inelastic pore collapse controls the transition from brittle faulting to extensive intragranular deformation and cataclastic flow. This porosity is much higher than has been observed at the onset of pore collapse in calcite, as a consequence of the inability of dolomite to deform by crystal plastic processes at room temperature. Combined, these textural features may dictate the transition from brittle faulting to cataclastic flow in brittle rocks in the upper crust.
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Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: from Minerals to the Lithosphere
This book consists of 18 papers on deformation mechanisms, theology and tectonics. The main approaches include experimental rock deformation, microstructural analysis, field structural studies, analogue and numerical modelling. New results on various topics are presented, ranging from brittle to ductile deformation and grain-scale to lithosphere-scale mechanisms.
The volume will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers in the fields of structural geology, interactions between metamorphism, fluids and deformation, and large-scale tectonic processes.