Deposition and stratigraphic architecture of an outcropping ancient slope system: Tres Pasos Formation, Magallanes Basin, southern Chile
Published:January 01, 2005
M. R. Shultz, A. Fildani, T. D. Cope, S. A. Graham, 2005. "Deposition and stratigraphic architecture of an outcropping ancient slope system: Tres Pasos Formation, Magallanes Basin, southern Chile", Submarine Slope Systems: Processes and Products, David M. Hodgson, Stephen S. Flint
Download citation file:
The Tres Pasos Formation, Magallanes Basin, Chile, represents the deposit of a submarine slope depositional system. The formation is approximately 1500 m thick where exposed in the Ultima Esperanza district of southernmost Chile. It is characterized by a basal turbiditic sandstone unit up to 200 m thick that shows a north-to-south, proximal-to-distal facies evolution from turbidite channel-fill complexes to sheet-like sandstone units. This unit is interpreted as having been deposited at or near the base of slope. Overlying the basal sandstone unit is approximately 500 m of amalgamated mass transport complexes, fine-grained strata, and channelized and non-channelized turbidity current deposits, collectively comprising the middle part of the formation. Mass transport complexes exert a primary control on the character and grain size of turbidite sandstone bodies in the basal and middle part of the formation. In the southern part of the study area, a 300 m thick coarse-grained unit interpreted as a turbidite channel-fill complex partially replaces the middle part. The upper part of the formation is approximately 500 m thick and consists primarily of fine-grained strata. Failure scarps and thin turbidite channel-fill units are present in this upper part, interpreted as upper slope deposits.
Figures & Tables
Submarine Slope Systems: Processes and Products
Submarine slopes provide the critical link between shallow-water and deep-water sedimentary environments. They accumulate a sensitive record of sediment supply, accommodation creation/destruction, and tectonic processes during basin filling. There is a complex stratigraphic response to the interplay between parameters that control the evolution of submarine slope systems, e.g. slope gradient, topographic complexity, sediment flux and calibre, base-level change,tectonic setting, and post-depositional sediment remobilization processes. The increased understanding of submarine slope system has been driven partly by the discovery of large hydrocarbon fields in morphologically complex slope settings, such as the Gulf of Mexico and offshore West Africa, and has led to detailed case studies and improved generic models for their evolution. This volume brings together research papers from modern, outcrop and subsurface settings to highlight these recent advances in understanding of the stratigraphic evolution of submarine slope systems.