Laboratory investigations for the evaluation of in situ geophysical measurements in a salt mine
J. Kulenkampff, A. Just, L. Aschmann, F. Jacobs, 2005. "Laboratory investigations for the evaluation of in situ geophysical measurements in a salt mine", Petrophysical Properties of Crystalline Rocks, P. K. Harvey, T. S. Brewer, P. A. Pezard, V. A. Petrov
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Problem zones in a sylvinite mine were explored by underground measurements using a set of geophysical methods (geosonar, seismics, georadar, EM methods and geoelectrics), which yield parameter sets for disturbed and undisturbed rock. Underground geo-electrical methods are most suitable for examining humidity content and structures for the transport of brines, although they have to be constrained by wave-propagation methods. Additional laboratory experiments on rock salt samples were carried out in order to provide quantitative evaluation methods. A titration method was used to determine the amount of water. This was applied simultaneously with a four-electrode resistivity measuring system for samples with very high resistivity. These measurements were made on samples at different scales, yielding relationships between water content and resistivity, as well as information about the parameter distribution in larger core samples. Together, the field and laboratory results show that geo-electrics is a suitable method for the detection and evaluation of problem zones of the geological barrier of hazardous waste repositories, and a criterion for the risk assessment based upon resistivity measurements is defined.
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Boreholes are commonly drilled into crystalline rocks to evaluate their suitability for various applications such as waste disposal (including nuclear waste), geothermal energy, hydrology, sequestration of greenhouse gases and for fault analysis. Crystalline rocks include igneous, metamorphic and even some sedimentary rocks. The quantification and understanding of individual rock masses requires extensive modelling and an analysis of various physical and chemical parameters. This volume covers the following aspects of the petrophysical properties of crystalline rocks: fracturing and deformation, oceanic basement studies, permeability and hydrology, and laboratorybased studies. With the growing demands for sustainable and environmentally effective development of the subsurface, the petrophysics of crystalline rocks is becoming an increasingly important field.