Electrical properties of slow-spreading ridge gabbros from ODP Hole 1105A, SW Indian Ridge
F. Einaudi, P. A. Pezard, B. Ildefonse, P. Glover, 2005. "Electrical properties of slow-spreading ridge gabbros from ODP Hole 1105A, SW Indian Ridge", Petrophysical Properties of Crystalline Rocks, P. K. Harvey, T. S. Brewer, P. A. Pezard, V. A. Petrov
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Physical properties of gabbroic samples from Ocean Drilling Program Hole 1105A were measured in the laboratory, with a particular emphasis on the analysis of electrical properties. This data-set includes the major lithologies sampled in ODP Hole 1105A: gabbros, olivine gabbros, oxide-rich gabbros, and, for all rock types, different ranges of alteration were sampled: from fresh to highly altered. All these lithologies correspond to the seismic Layer 3 layer of the oceanic crust, and large-scale geophysical data interpretation requires a complete understanding of the physical properties of rocks in this section. Electrical conductivities measured on brine-saturated gabbros reveal strong excess conductivity for samples rich in oxide minerals and, to a lesser extent, for altered samples. However, the classical models do not explain the excess conductivity reported in the oxide-rich samples when saturated with brine. The electrical conduction via electronic processes in metallic minerals has been taken into account in our analysis of the electrical properties. The oxide minerals’ contribution has been independently estimated through measuring dry electrical resistivity. These measurements allowed quantification of the electronic conduction, which can reach 80% of the full conductivity for the most oxide-rich gabbros.
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Boreholes are commonly drilled into crystalline rocks to evaluate their suitability for various applications such as waste disposal (including nuclear waste), geothermal energy, hydrology, sequestration of greenhouse gases and for fault analysis. Crystalline rocks include igneous, metamorphic and even some sedimentary rocks. The quantification and understanding of individual rock masses requires extensive modelling and an analysis of various physical and chemical parameters. This volume covers the following aspects of the petrophysical properties of crystalline rocks: fracturing and deformation, oceanic basement studies, permeability and hydrology, and laboratorybased studies. With the growing demands for sustainable and environmentally effective development of the subsurface, the petrophysics of crystalline rocks is becoming an increasingly important field.