Types of permeable fractures in granite
This study presents a multidisciplinary approach to understanding and describing types of fracture permeability in the Soultz-sous-Forêts granite, Upper Rhine Graben. At Soultz, during the 1993 stimulation tests in the GPK1 well, it was shown that only a limited number of natural fractures contributed to flow, whereas there are thousands of fractures embedded within the massive granite. In order to understand the flow hierarchy, a detailed comparison between static (fracture apertures based on ARI raw curves) and dynamic data (hydraulic tests) was carried out. We propose that two scales of fracture networks are present: a highly connected network consisting of fractures with small apertures that may represent the far-field reservoir, and another network that contains isolated and wide permeable fractures (that produce an anisotropic permeability in the rock) and allows a hydraulic connection between the injection and production wells.
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Petrophysical Properties of Crystalline Rocks
Boreholes are commonly drilled into crystalline rocks to evaluate their suitability for various applications such as waste disposal (including nuclear waste), geothermal energy, hydrology, sequestration of greenhouse gases and for fault analysis. Crystalline rocks include igneous, metamorphic and even some sedimentary rocks. The quantification and understanding of individual rock masses requires extensive modelling and an analysis of various physical and chemical parameters. This volume covers the following aspects of the petrophysical properties of crystalline rocks: fracturing and deformation, oceanic basement studies, permeability and hydrology, and laboratorybased studies. With the growing demands for sustainable and environmentally effective development of the subsurface, the petrophysics of crystalline rocks is becoming an increasingly important field.