Actual paraglacial progradation of the coastal zone in the Kongsfjorden area, western Spitsbergen (Svalbard)
Denis Mercier, Dominique Laffly, 2005. "Actual paraglacial progradation of the coastal zone in the Kongsfjorden area, western Spitsbergen (Svalbard)", Cryospheric Systems: Glaciers and Permafrost, C. Harris, J. B. Murton
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This research was carried out on the Brøgger Peninsula, northwest Spitsbergen, Svalbard (79°N 12°E,). In the western part of Spitsbergen, cold-based valley glaciers have retreated more than 1 km from their Little Ice Age limits, and glacial meltwater has extensively reworked glacigenic sediments on exposed glacier forelands. In such areas, a paraglacial sediment transport regime has become predominant, with runoff as the dominant process. A combination of GIS, DEM, aerial photographic and field data was employed to estimate shoreline progradation at sandur outflows. Average shoreline progradation is estimated to amount to 3 m/annum over the last 30 years, a period of uninterrupted sediment provision from the glacial runoff system.