Glacier–rock glacier relationships as climatic indicators during the late Quaternary in the Cordillera Ampato, Western Cordillera of southern Peru
Uwe Dornbusch, 2005. "Glacier–rock glacier relationships as climatic indicators during the late Quaternary in the Cordillera Ampato, Western Cordillera of southern Peru", Cryospheric Systems: Glaciers and Permafrost, C. Harris, J. B. Murton
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Mapping of glacial and periglacial features along a 15 km long, north-south trending ridge at the eastern end of the Cordillera Ampato (Fig. 1) has been carried out using aerial photograph interpretation. Over the length of the ridge a distinct change in features from moraines and small rock glaciers in the north to large rock glaciers and a lack of moraines in the south can be observed. It is suggested that this feature change reflects a steep precipitation gradient during the Pleistocene. Comparison with geomorphological mapping - both in the field and from air photographs - in other areas of the Cordillera Ampato and further west shows that this feature change is unique and that its location at the eastern end of the Cordillera is in good agreement with present-day precipitation distribution. This indicates that the general precipitation pattern, and thus the general circulation pattern, during the Pleistocene was very similar to that today.
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The introduction of the term periglacial by Łoziński in 1909 to describe the cold-climate conditions in the zone adjacent to, but beyond, the Pleistocene glaciers encouraged the separate development of geocryological and glaciological research. Geological and geomorphological processes at the interface between glaciers and permafrost have, as a result, been given less attention than they warrant, and the influence of one on the other has in many respects been neglected. This book includes a collection of papers that emphasize glacier-permafrost interactions. Papers consider permafrost and its influence on glacitectonic processes, glacial meltwater systems and ground-ice development in proglacial and ice-marginal environments. In addition, recent research findings are reported on paraglacial processes, permafrost evolution, rock glaciers, the formation of ice-wedge casts and periglacial slope evolution. It is hoped that this book will stimulate interest in the interface between glacial and periglacial systems, and encourage further collaborative research involving glaciologists and glacial geologists on the one hand, and geocryologists and permafrost scientists on the other.