The importance of stratigraphy in forensic investigation
The laws of stratigraphy, developed in geology, have long been adopted for archaeological use. Archaeological excavation in the UK relies on the application of these principles to define, interpret and understand site history. The adaptation of archaeological methods to forensic settings has recently resulted in successful analysis of stratigraphy-defining complex series of events on murder burial scenes. The breadth of physical evidence that can be recovered through stratigraphic excavation is great, and that which can be lost without due attention to the buried surfaces forming an intrinsic part of the stratified deposits of a site is significant. Recent case examples demonstrate the importance of employing stratigraphical principles in the excavation and interpretation of buried cultural and natural deposits as part of multidisciplinary forensic investigation.
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Forensic Geoscience: Principles, Techniques and Applications
Forensic geoscience is an increasingly important sub-discipline within geoscience and forensic science. Although minerals, soils, dusts and rock fragments have been used as only begun to be recognized in the last ten years or so. The police and other investigative bodies are keen to encourage such developments in the fight against crime, particularly since many criminals show a high level of forensic awareness with regard to evidence such as fingerprints, blood and other body fluids. The papers in this volume illustrate some of the main principles, techniques and applications in current forensic geoscience, covering research and casework in the UK and internationally. The techniques described range from macro-scale field geophysical investigations to micro-scale laboratory studies of the chemical and textural properties of individual particles. In addition to forensic applications, many of these techniques have broad utility in geological, geomorphological, soil science and archaeological research.