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Formation of the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP), a large igneous province in the western Pacific, has been attributed to a rising plume head in the initial stage of the Louisville hot spot, approximately 120–125 Ma ago. However, the Neal et al. plate reconstruction suggests that the plateau formed approximately 9° north of the current location of this hot spot at 51°S. The magnetization of the plateau’s basement records a palaeolatitude of approximately 25°S which further increases the discrepancy with the plume-head model. Modelling the motion of the Louisville hot spot for the last 120 Ma yields a possible southward motion of up to about 6°. True polar wander (TPW) models also shift the predicted palaeolatitudes of the plateau farther north. Taking into account both hot-spot motion and TPW, formation of the OJP by the Louisville not spot remains a possibility.

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