The Scottish hydropathic establishments and their use of groundwater
Scotland today has a plentiful supply of drinking water derived from upland gathering grounds, but groundwater supplied all of its major towns and cities in the past. Pollution of many of the old groundwater sources, as well as the atmosphere, by the massive industrial boom of the mid nineteenth century in central Scptland led to the development of hydropathic establishments to dispense the ‘water cure’. Most drew on fresh and pure groundwater sources, and the establishments continued to be a popular source of medical care until the early part of the twentieth century. The groundwater sources were characterized by weak to moderate mineralization unlike the strongly mineralised waters typical of the more traditional spa resorts. A small part of the hydropathic legacy remains in use until this day
Figures & Tables
The collection of papers in this volume records the development of hydrogeology in Britain over the last 200 years. Following the application, by William smith, of stratigraphic principles to the sinking of wells, Victorian engineers and scientists established groundwater as a major contributor to public water supplies. In the twentieth century, the development of groundwater continued rapidly, controlled by an ever-changing regulatory regime. The 25 papers in this volume review the progrss which has been made, and the lives and work of some of those who were intimately involved.