Groundwater versus surface water in Scotland and Ireland – the formative years
Celtic interest in groundwater has continued to the modern era in much of Scotland and Ireland, despite abundant good quality surface waters. Groundwater investigation in the 19th and 20th centuries was prompted by the need to remove water from mine workings in Scotland and to provide water for industry in the Midland Valley of Scotland and the Lagan Valley in the north of Ireland. Little development took place in the south of Ireland until relatively recently. Champions of groundwater investigation include the venerable Scottish geologists Ben Peach and John Horne, as well as lesser known advocates of hydrogeology such as John Jerome Hartley in Ireland. These workers were supported by numerous people directly and indirectly involved with developing the understanding of the groundwater resources of Scotland and Ireland.