Ultra-high pressure minerals in the Luobusa Ophiolite, Tibet, and their tectonic implications
Paul T. Robinson, Wen-Ji Bai, John Malpas, Jing-Sui Yang, Mei-Fu Zhou, Qing-Song Fang, Xu-Feng Hu, Stanley Cameron, Hubert Staudigel, 2004. "Ultra-high pressure minerals in the Luobusa Ophiolite, Tibet, and their tectonic implications", Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China, J. Malpas, C. J. N. Fletcher, J. R. Ali, J. C. Aitchison
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Numerous ultra-high-pressure minerals have been recovered from podiform chromities in the Luobusa ophiolite, Tibet. Recovered minerals include diamond, moissanite, Fe-silicides, wüstite, Ni–Fe–Cr–C alloys, PGE alloys and octahedral Mg–Fe silicates. These are accompanied by a variety of native elements, including Si, Fe, Ni, Cr and graphite. All of the minerals were hand-picked from heavy-mineral separates of the chromitites and care was taken to prevent natural or anthropogenic contamination of the samples. Many of the minerals and alloys are either enclosed in, or attached to, chromite grains, leaving no doubt as to their provenance. The ophiolite formed originally at a mid-ocean ridge (MOR) spreading centre at 177±33 Ma, and was later modified by suprasubduction zone magmatism at about 126 Ma. The chromitites were formed in the suprasubduction zone environment from boninitic melts reacting with the host peridotites. The UHP minerals are believed to have been transported from the lower mantle by a plume and incorporated in the ophiolite during seafloor spreading at 176 Ma. Blocks of the mantle containing the UHP minerals were presumably picked up by the later boninitic melts, transported to shallow depth and incorporated in the chromitites during crystallization.
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Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China
The subject of this Special Publication is one of the most interesting in global geoscience, the tectonic evolution of China. The assemblage of terranes that underlie this part of the world provides outstanding opportunities to elucidate global processes, and many of the factors that shape the Earth's lithosphere are best exemplified by the geology of China and its immediately adjacent areas
In addition, there are geological features that are particular and unique to the region. Some have been the focus of recent attention and have attracted international interest because of their global importance. This volume provides accounts of up-to-date research by Chinese and international geological teams on key aspects of the tectonic evolution of China and its surrounding areas. The papers describe the formation of the geological terranes that make up this part of east Asia, place constraints on plate tectonic models for their assembly and provide accounts of unique geological feature of the subcontinent.