Basement heterogeneity in the Cathaysia crustal block, southeast China
Chris J. N. Fletcher, Lung. S. Chan, Roderick J. Sewell, S. Diarmad, G. Campbell, Donald W. Davis, Jieshou Zhu, 2004. "Basement heterogeneity in the Cathaysia crustal block, southeast China", Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China, J. Malpas, C. J. N. Fletcher, J. R. Ali, J. C. Aitchison
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Isotope signatures and TDM model ages in Hong Kong and neighbouring Guangdong Province have indicated that the basement of the Cathaysia Block is probably an amalgamation of narrow crustal slices, ranging in age from latest Archaean to Mesoproterozoic. Inheritance ages from zircons contained within Mesozoic volcanic and plutonic rocks also show Proterozoic and Archaean components. Regional gravity survey studies display NNE- to NE-trending Bouguer anomalies that are indicative of sharp changes in rock densities at middle and lower crustal levels. The anomalies displayed on the gravity profile from Guangdong to Hong Kong have been modelled as narrow slices of Archaean and Proterozoic crust. A substantial E-W-trending Bouguer anomaly, which largely parallels the trend of the foliation in the Proterozoic schists of the region, is present to the east of Guangzhou. It is proposed that the basement of the Cathaysia Block consists of an amalgamation of NE- to NNE-trending Palaeo- to Mesoproterozoic and Archaean crustal terranes, which in places have retained the pre-amalgamation E-W-trending tectonic fabric. The discontinuities between the basement terranes, and the E-W structures have strongly influenced the geological evolution of the Phanerozoic sequences and igneous complexes in southeast China. These are most obviously manifest in the regional NE-trending fault and shear zones that displace the cover sequences.
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Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China
The subject of this Special Publication is one of the most interesting in global geoscience, the tectonic evolution of China. The assemblage of terranes that underlie this part of the world provides outstanding opportunities to elucidate global processes, and many of the factors that shape the Earth's lithosphere are best exemplified by the geology of China and its immediately adjacent areas
In addition, there are geological features that are particular and unique to the region. Some have been the focus of recent attention and have attracted international interest because of their global importance. This volume provides accounts of up-to-date research by Chinese and international geological teams on key aspects of the tectonic evolution of China and its surrounding areas. The papers describe the formation of the geological terranes that make up this part of east Asia, place constraints on plate tectonic models for their assembly and provide accounts of unique geological feature of the subcontinent.