Permian magmatism and basin dynamics in the southern Pyrenees: A record of the transition from late Variscan transtension to early Alpine extension
Published:January 01, 2004
M. Lago, E. Arranz, A. Pocoví, C. Galé, A. Gil-Imaz, 2004. "Permian magmatism and basin dynamics in the southern Pyrenees: A record of the transition from late Variscan transtension to early Alpine extension", Permo-Carboniferous Magmatism and Rifting in Europe, M. Wilson, E.-R. Neumann, G. R. Davies, M. J. Timmerman, M. Heeremans, B. T. Larsen
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Permian magmatism in the Pyrenees is characterized by two compositionally different and temporally consecutive magmatic episodes: a calc-alkaline–transitional phase (andesites) and a mildly alkaline phase (basalts and dolerites). These two magmatic episodes were related to the attenuation of late Variscan transtensional tectonics and the onset of extension related to regional rifting. The strike-slip fault systems that affected the Pyrenees in late Variscan times initially controlled the development and morphology of the sedimentary basins. These were periodically affected by phases of extension, which controlled the subsidence of the basins, and, in addition, the emplacement of magmas. The whole-rock trace-element and isotopic signature of the andesites suggests that they were derived from the upper mantle and variably hybridized with late orogenic crustal melts, whereas the alkali basalts could have been derived from a lithospheric mantle source, enriched as a consequence of Variscan subduction processes with the contribution, in some areas, of an enriched (asthenospheric) component.
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Permo-Carboniferous Magmatism and Rifting in Europe
Widespread extension occurred within the Variscan orogen and its northern foreland during Late Carboniferous to Early Permian times. This was associated with magmatism and with a fundamental change, at the Westphalian-Stephanian boundary, in the regional stress field, coincident with the termination of orogenic activity and onset of dextral translation between North Africa and Europe. Rifting propagated across basement terranes with different ages and thermal histories. Most of the rift basins developed on relatively thin lithosphere; however, the highly magmatic Oslo Graben initiated within the edge of a craton. Early Stephanian regional uplift is contemporaneous with the onset of magmatism, inviting speculation that it might have been induced by a thermal anomaly within the upper mantle. The contributions to this volume suggest that the geodynamic setting in which magmatism occurred was complex, involving wrench tectonics, slab detachment, and delamination or thermal erosion of the base of the lithosphere.