Permian magmatism and basin dynamics in the southern Pyrenees: A record of the transition from late Variscan transtension to early Alpine extension
M. Lago, E. Arranz, A. Pocoví, C. Galé, A. Gil-Imaz, 2004. "Permian magmatism and basin dynamics in the southern Pyrenees: A record of the transition from late Variscan transtension to early Alpine extension", Permo-Carboniferous Magmatism and Rifting in Europe, M. Wilson, E.-R. Neumann, G. R. Davies, M. J. Timmerman, M. Heeremans, B. T. Larsen
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Permian magmatism in the Pyrenees is characterized by two compositionally different and temporally consecutive magmatic episodes: a calc-alkaline–transitional phase (andesites) and a mildly alkaline phase (basalts and dolerites). These two magmatic episodes were related to the attenuation of late Variscan transtensional tectonics and the onset of extension related to regional rifting. The strike-slip fault systems that affected the Pyrenees in late Variscan times initially controlled the development and morphology of the sedimentary basins. These were periodically affected by phases of extension, which controlled the subsidence of the basins, and, in addition, the emplacement of magmas. The whole-rock trace-element and isotopic signature of the andesites suggests that they were derived from the upper mantle and variably hybridized with late orogenic crustal melts, whereas the alkali basalts could have been derived from a lithospheric mantle source, enriched as a consequence of Variscan subduction processes with the contribution, in some areas, of an enriched (asthenospheric) component.