Late Carboniferous-Permian tectonics and magmatic activity in the Skagerrak, Kattegat and the North Sea
Published:January 01, 2004
Michel Heeremans, Jan Inge Faleide, 2004. "Late Carboniferous-Permian tectonics and magmatic activity in the Skagerrak, Kattegat and the North Sea", Permo-Carboniferous Magmatism and Rifting in Europe, M. Wilson, E.-R. Neumann, G. R. Davies, M. J. Timmerman, M. Heeremans, B. T. Larsen
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This study focuses on Late Carboniferous-Permian tectonics and related magmatic activity in NW Europe, and specifically in the Skagerrak, Kattegat and North Sea areas. Special attention is paid to the distribution of intrusives and extrusives in relation to rift-wrench geometries. A large database consisting of seismic and well data has been assembled and analysed to constrain these objectives. The continuation of the Oslo Graben into the Skagerrak has been a starting point for this regional study. Rift structures (with characteristic half-graben geometries) and the distribution of magmatic rocks (intrusives and extrusives) were mapped using integrated analyses of seismic and potential field data. For the analysis of the Sorgenfrei-Tornquist Zone and the North Sea, seismic and well data were used. The rift structures in the Skagerrak can be linked with extensional structures in the Sorgenfrei–Tornquist Zone in which similar fault geometries have been observed. Both in the Skagerrak and in the Kattegat, lava sequences were erupted that generally parallel the underlying Lower Palaeozoic strata. This volcanic episode, therefore, pre-dates main fault movements and the development of half-grabens filled with Permian volcaniclastic material. Upper Carboniferous-Lower Permian extrusives and intrusives have also been found in wells in the Kattegat, Jutland and the North Sea (Horn and Central grabens). Especially in the latter area, the dense seismic and well coverage has allowed us to map out similar Upper Palaeozoic geometries, although the presence of salt often conceals the seismic image of the underlying strata and structures. From the results, it is assumed that the pre-Jurassic structures below large parts of the Norwegian-Danish Basin and northwards into the Stord Basin on the Horda Platform belong to the same tectonic system.
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Permo-Carboniferous Magmatism and Rifting in Europe
Widespread extension occurred within the Variscan orogen and its northern foreland during Late Carboniferous to Early Permian times. This was associated with magmatism and with a fundamental change, at the Westphalian-Stephanian boundary, in the regional stress field, coincident with the termination of orogenic activity and onset of dextral translation between North Africa and Europe. Rifting propagated across basement terranes with different ages and thermal histories. Most of the rift basins developed on relatively thin lithosphere; however, the highly magmatic Oslo Graben initiated within the edge of a craton. Early Stephanian regional uplift is contemporaneous with the onset of magmatism, inviting speculation that it might have been induced by a thermal anomaly within the upper mantle. The contributions to this volume suggest that the geodynamic setting in which magmatism occurred was complex, involving wrench tectonics, slab detachment, and delamination or thermal erosion of the base of the lithosphere.