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Basin-floor fans of the Central Tertiary Basin, Spitsbergen: relationship of basin-floor sand-bodies to prograding clinoforms in a structurally active basin

By
Jeff P. Crabaugh
Jeff P. Crabaugh
Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071-3306, USA jpatrick@uwyo.edu
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Ronald J. Steel
Ronald J. Steel
Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071-3306, USA jpatrick@uwyo.edu
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Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

Lower Eocene shelf-slope clinoforms are exposed in 1 × 10 km mountainside outcrops in the Central Tertiary Basin, Spitsbergen. Where clinoforms are sand-prone they include a deepwater sand complex. Submarine fans represent an early, basin-floor aggradational phase of clinoform growth, whereas later growth of the same clinoform involves a phase of shelf-margin accretion. Individual fans, within stacked series, can be distinguished when traced towards the slope, where a thickening wedge of mudstones separates successive fan bodies. The sand-prone parts of basin-floor fans are some 15–60 m thick and extend into the basin by up to 10–12 km. The lower levels of any fan consist of ripple- to parallel-laminated thin-bedded turbidites interbedded with some thick-bedded turbidites. This association changes irregularly upwards to a succession dominated by thick beds that are structureless and parallel-laminated. The thin-bedded facies are interpreted as turbidite sheets that formed as channel-mouth sandy lobes, sandy levees and crevasse splays. The erosively based, thick-bedded facies are interpreted as constructional channel-fill sandstones. The shallow channels fed sheet-complexes both laterally and distally. The apparent short basinward extent and longitudinal palaeocurrents for the youngest fans suggest that downslope sediment transport became longitudinally deflected by anticlinal topography once sediment reached the basin floor.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Confined Turbidite Systems

S. A. Lomas
S. A. Lomas
Baker Atlas Geoscience, UK
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P. Joseph
P. Joseph
Institut Français du Petrole, France
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Geological Society of London
Volume
222
ISBN electronic:
9781862394704
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

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