Present morphology and depositional architecture of a sandy confined submarine system: the Golo turbidite system (eastern margin of Corsica)
Anne Gervais, Bruno Savoye, David J. W. Piper, Thierry Mulder, Michel Cremer, Laetitia Pichevin, 2004. "Present morphology and depositional architecture of a sandy confined submarine system: the Golo turbidite system (eastern margin of Corsica)", Confined Turbidite Systems, S. A. Lomas, P. Joseph
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The modern sandy Golo turbidite system (500 km2) is located in a confined basin on the eastern margin of Corsica. The Golo turbidite system is fed by a single river, which supplies coarse sand derived from active weathering of the neighbouring mountains. The late Quaternary deposits have been imaged using a closely spaced grid of 1000 km of sparker seismic-reflection profiles (line spacing close to 1.6 km, vertical resolution of 2m). The turbidite system is composed of four non-coalescent fans that were at times active simultaneously and of two small deposits onto the slope. The resulting sedimentation pattern is characterized by stacked turbidite deposits. At a regional scale, there is a continuum of fan morphologies and geometries from south to north. The use of both seismic and sedimentary facies, together with mapped seismic geometry of sedimentary bodies, allowed definition of four architectural elements: (1) submarine valley (canyon and gully), (2) sandy channel, (3) muddy levee, and (4) sandy lobe. Some of these architectural elements can be recognized at a scale that is comparable to outcrop examples. Features such as progressive lateral migration and avulsion, or complex longitudinal evolution (progradation and retrogradation), can also be accurately described. Despite the active tectonics along the studied margin, the main variations in sedimentation appear to be controlled by eustatic changes, pre-existing seafloor topography, and sediment source characteristics. The general pattern of sedimentation is controlled by the influence of a confining slope, leading to the predominance of aggradation and to specific morphology and architecture of sedimentary bodies.
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This publication reflects a growing appreciation of the extent to which turbidite depositional system development is fundamentally affected by basin-floor topography. In the many turbidite and turbidite hydrocarbon reservoirs, depositional patterns have been moderately to strongly confined by pre-existing slopes; thus ‘submarine fans’ may be far from fan-shaped where constrained by significant bathymetric features. This volume examines aspects of sediment dispersal and accumulation in deep-water systems where sea-floor topography has exerted a decisive control on deposition, and explores the associated controls on hydrocarbon reservoir architecture and heterogeneity.
The papers presented here offer a global perspective, which is wide-ranging in terms of approach as well as location, including contrasting reviews and case studies of outcrop, subsurface, modern and experimental systems. This book will be of use both to academic geologists and to geoscience professionals in industry dealing with characterization and modelling of deep-water clastic reservoirs.