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Book Chapter

Illness and elevated human mortality in Europe coincident with the Laki Fissure eruption

By
J. Grattan
J. Grattan
Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Wales Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 3DB, UK.
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M. Durand
M. Durand
Natural Hazards Research Centre, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.
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S. Taylor
S. Taylor
Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Wales Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 3DB, UK.
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Published:
January 01, 2003

Abstract

Volcanic eruptions represent a significant source of volatile gases that are harmful to human health. This chapter reviews and develops current understanding of the human health response to volcanogenic pollution and dry fog events; in particular it explores the health impact of the gases from the Laki fissure eruption, and presents data that point to a significant increase in the national death rate in England coincident with the early phases of the eruption. It is noted that many common symptoms of severe exposure to air pollution can be linked to the dry fog of 1783; these included difficulty in breathing, eye and skin irritation, headaches, loss of appetite and tiredness.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Volcanic Degassing

C. Oppenheimer
C. Oppenheimer
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D. M. Pyle
D. M. Pyle
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J. Barclay
J. Barclay
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Geological Society of London
Volume
213
ISBN electronic:
9781862394612
Publication date:
January 01, 2003

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