Particles from the plume of Popocatépetl volcano, Mexico – the FESEM/EDS approach
J. H. Obenholzner, H. Schroettner, P. Golob, H. Delgado, 2003. "Particles from the plume of Popocatépetl volcano, Mexico – the FESEM/EDS approach", Volcanic Degassing, C. Oppenheimer, D. M. Pyle, J. Barclay
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Magma-wall-rock interaction contributes gases to evolving magmatic systems, and removes volatiles into the country rock. These processes happen at depth, far away from direct observation. Micro-analysis of particles collected from volcanic plumes can provide information about these processes. For Popocatépetl volcano, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and field emission gun SEM (FESEM/EDS) analysis of contact-metamorphosed particles from fallout ash reveal the presence of wollastonite, hercynite and glass of non-volcanic, contact-metamorphic origin. Condensates from the passively degassing plume show a wide variety of chemical elements and are rich in phosphorus, indicating a possible non-magmatic source for this element.
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Humans have long marvelled at (and feared) the odorous and colourful manifestations of volcanic emissions, and, in some cases, have harnessed them for their economic value. The degassing process responsible for these phenomena is now understood to be one of the key factors influencing the timing and nature of volcanic eruptions. Moreover the surface emissions of these volatiles can have profound effects on the atmospheric and terrestrial environment, and climate. Even more fundamental are the relationships between the history of planetary outgassing, differentiation of the Earth’s interior, chemistry of the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and the origin and evolution of life. This book provides a compilation of 23 papers that investigate the behaviour of volatiles in magma, the feedbacks between degassing and magma dynamics, and the composition, flux, and environmental, atmospheric and climatic impacts of volcanic gas emissions.