Implications of late Pan-African shearing in western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
S. H. Perritt, M. K. Watkeys, 2003. "Implications of late Pan-African shearing in western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica", Intraplate Strike-Slip Deformation Belts, F. Storti, R. E. Holdsworth, F. Salvini
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The Mesoproterozoic cover rocks of the Archaean Grunehogna Province in western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, are gently folded and intensely fractured by a progressive ductile to brittle deformation event. The cause was dominantly NNW-SSE transpression related to a regionally extensive intracontinental sinistral strike-slip event at c. 520 Ma. This reactivated the boundary between the Archaean Grunehogna Province and the high grade Mesoproterozic Maudheim Province, and resulted in the formation and deformation of the Cambrian Urfjell pull-apart basin. In a Gondwana refit, this strike-slip system can be linked to similar zones in southeast Africa which post-date the 750–650 Ma early Pan-African collisional events of that region. The NNW movement of the Maudheim Province along this strike-slip zone was responsible for the development of thrusts in the Lurio Belt of northern Mozambique. The driving force for this movement is considered to be related to the late Pan-African collisional events elsewhere in the growing supercontinent.
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Intraplate Strike-Slip Deformation Belts
Intraplate strike-slip deformation belts are common tectonic features, particularly at convergent plate boundaries, where they are produced by both oblique convergence and continental indentation. These lithosphere-scale structures, which also occur in other geodynamic environments such as passive margins, are characterized by complex structural architectures, by the occurrence of large earthquakes, and by the fast uplift and/or subsidence of localized crustal sectors.
Intraplate strike-slip belts can also control the ascent and emplacement of deeply sourced magmas. In some cases, intraplate strike-slip belts link with oceanic fracture zones and transform faults, transferring transform shear from the ridges to the interior of the plates. This evidence has an important impact of the classical concept of transform faulting.
This volume contains 13 papers from an international field of contributors. Studies of intraplate strike-slip deformation belts from Africa, Antarctica, Eurasia, North America and South America are included.