Time, place and mode of propagation of foreland basin systems as recorded by the sedimentary fill: examples of the Late Cretaceous and Eocene retro-foreland basins of the north-eastern Pyrenees
F. Christophoul, J.-C. Soula, S. Brusset, B. Elibana, M. Roddaz, G. Bessiere, J. Deramond, 2003. "Time, place and mode of propagation of foreland basin systems as recorded by the sedimentary fill: examples of the Late Cretaceous and Eocene retro-foreland basins of the north-eastern Pyrenees", Tracing Tectonic Deformation Using the Sedimentary Record, T. McCann, A. Saintot
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The relationship between tectonics and sedimentary fill has been studied in two syncontractional basins of the western Corbières (eastern North Pyrenean retro-foreland basin). The Late Cretaceous basin formed during c. 10–12 Ma as a result of left-lateral transpressional deformation, and is composed of forward-younging sub-basins characterized by reworking of the forelimbs of growing fold-propagation folds. Thrust-wedge advance and cratonward migration of the platform are recorded by a deepening-upward stacking pattern indicating increased regional subsidence with a limited contribution of the submarine orogen. Tectonic quiescence and erosional unloading lasting 29–30 Ma are recorded by a shallowing-upward stacking pattern, and fluvial sedimentation issued from widespread sources in the emerging inner orogen. The Early to Middle Eocene basin formed as a result of pure shortening normal to the range. The marine Early Eocene basin developed during c.2 Ma by widening of a single basin provoked by the two-step propagation of a basement duplex. This is recorded by growth-stratal patterns and coarsening-upward depositional sequences indicating the increasing contribution of the emerged orogen. The Middle Eocene continental deposits infilled two sub-basins working synchronously and were transported by alluvial fans with a provenance in the inner orogen, during decreasing thrust-wedge advance and increasing erosional unloading.
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Tracing Tectonic Deformation Using the Sedimentary Record
The study of sediments and sedimentary basins in terms of their tectonic environment requires a multidisciplinary approach and has increasingly drawn both techniques and objectives from fields outside sedimentology. The application of different theoretical, experimental and empirical resources provided by structural geology, geochemistry, geophysics, scale modelling, and field geology, complement sedimentological methods, with the combined aim of achieving a deeper understanding of the origins, evolution and significance of sedimentary sequences in terms of their tectonic history.
Studies presented in this volume range across a wide spectrum from the analysis of sedimentary sequence architecture at basin scale down to the chemical properties of individual grains, and include studies from a range of tectonic settings.
The volume will be of interest to those involved with, or contemplating, studies involving the linkages between tectonics and sedimentation, as well as a wider audience to whom the results of such studies may provide fresh insight.