Subsidence, stress regime and rotation(s) of a tectonically active sedimentary basin within the western Alpine Orogen: the Tertiary Piedmont Basin (Alpine domain, NW Italy)
B. Carrapa, G. Bertotti, W. Krijgsman, 2003. "Subsidence, stress regime and rotation(s) of a tectonically active sedimentary basin within the western Alpine Orogen: the Tertiary Piedmont Basin (Alpine domain, NW Italy)", Tracing Tectonic Deformation Using the Sedimentary Record, T. McCann, A. Saintot
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The Oligocene to Miocene Tertiary Piedmont Basin (TPB) is located in the NW part of Italy at the junction between the Apennine and the Alpine thrust belts. The position of the TPB on top of the Alpine/Apennine Orogen poses fundamental questions as to the tectonics of the basin subsidence. Having undergone little deformation, the TPB sediments provide an insight into the stress regime and rotations in the kinematically very complex area surrounding the basin itself. In this study we integrate subsidence and structural analysis with measurements of magnetic susceptibility anisotropy (AMS) and natural remanent magnetization (NRM) in order to better constrain the tectonic kinematics of the basin evolution. A major important period of subsidence occurred in the Middle Miocene involving the whole basin. During this period the TPB experienced NE-SW-directed compression and limited shortening. Some NW-SE-directed compressional features have been identified and they were probably active during post Tortonian times. Structures associated with north-south tension are quite common, but the amount of strain that they accommodate is minor. In addition this research provides new preliminary data suggesting counterclockwise rotation in the TPB by c. 20° which has taken place during Middle Miocene time.
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The study of sediments and sedimentary basins in terms of their tectonic environment requires a multidisciplinary approach and has increasingly drawn both techniques and objectives from fields outside sedimentology. The application of different theoretical, experimental and empirical resources provided by structural geology, geochemistry, geophysics, scale modelling, and field geology, complement sedimentological methods, with the combined aim of achieving a deeper understanding of the origins, evolution and significance of sedimentary sequences in terms of their tectonic history.
Studies presented in this volume range across a wide spectrum from the analysis of sedimentary sequence architecture at basin scale down to the chemical properties of individual grains, and include studies from a range of tectonic settings.
The volume will be of interest to those involved with, or contemplating, studies involving the linkages between tectonics and sedimentation, as well as a wider audience to whom the results of such studies may provide fresh insight.