1.05–1.01 Ga Sveconorwegian metamorphism and deformation of the supracrustal sequence at Sæsvatn, South Norway: Re–Os dating of Cu–Mo mineral occurrences
H. J. Stein, B. Bingen, 2002. "1.05–1.01 Ga Sveconorwegian metamorphism and deformation of the supracrustal sequence at Sæsvatn, South Norway: Re–Os dating of Cu–Mo mineral occurrences", The Timing and Location of Major Ore Deposits in an Evolving Orogen, D. J. Blundell, F. Neubauer, A. von Quadt
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Re–Os dating of a suite of nine molybdenite samples from two small Cu–Mo mineral occurrences in the epidote-amphibolite facies Sæsvatn supracrustal sequence provides a temporal record of Sveconorwegian metamorphism and deformation. The sequence is situated in the western allochthonous lithotectonic domain of the Sveconorwegian orogen, the Rogaland–Hardangervidda terrane of south Norway. Onset of metamorphism occurred at about 1047 ± 2 Ma, as recorded in small gash veinlets, followed by a deformational peak at about 1032 ± 2 Ma, as recorded in mineralized breccia and mineralized metagabbro comprising a ductile shear zone constituting the Langvatn deposit. Deformation waned significantly by about 1017 ± 2 Ma, based on mineralization hosted in a brittle fault zone within stratigraphically higher metabasalts exposed at the Kobbernuten deposit. The origin of the mineralization at both deposits is most probably metamorphic with ore constituents provided by metasomatism of hosting basalt and gabbro. A metamorphic origin is supported by an array of Re–Os ages that can be related to structural features and the stratigraphic sequence, the absence of plutons related in time and space, the confinement of ore occurrences to mafic sequences in a bimodal supracrustal package that includes rhyolites and clastic units, and clear evidence for Cu mobility in mafic units. The ‘main’ Sveconorwegian orogenic event, probably a continent–continent collision involving imbrication, stacking, and burial of terranes took place at about 1.05 Ga and thereafter. Peak deformation in the Sæsvatn supracrustal sequence in the western part of the Sveconorwegian orogen (South Norway) may correlate with thermal metamorphism in the Idefjorden terrane in the eastern part of the orogen (SW Sweden), with a timing of about 1.03 Ga for both regions. The results of this study indicate that comparatively low grade domains in the orogen (greenschist to epidote-amphibolite facies), corresponding to upper crust, were deformed in a ductile fashion at about 1.03 Ga and were affected by brittle deformation as early as 1.025–1.015 Ga. In the high-grade domains (amphibolite to granulite facies), corresponding to middle and lower crust, ductile deformation is younger, beginning at about 1.025 Ga and persisting until 0.97 Ga.
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As an outcome of the European Science Foundation scientific programme, GEODE, on geodynamics and ore deposit evolution, this book examines the underlying geodynamic processes that lead to the formation of ore deposits in order to discover what controls the timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen.
A collection of 19 research papers examines various aspects of ore genesis in the context of the geodynamic processes occurring within an evolving orogen. Although the majority of papers relate to Europe, their findings have a global significance for metallogenesis.
The book will be of interest to all those involved in research or mineral exploration concerned with metallogenesis. In addition, ore deposits provide new evidence about magmatism associated with transient, rapid changes in plate motions and subduction processes in unusual tectonic settings, and are therefore of interest to those involved in both the magmatic and tectonic processes of orogenesis.