Example of a structurally controlled copper deposit from the Hercynian western High Atlas (Morocco): the High Seksaoua mining district
A. Chauvet, L. Barbanson, A. Gaouzi, L. Badra, J. C. Touray, S. Oukarou, 2002. "Example of a structurally controlled copper deposit from the Hercynian western High Atlas (Morocco): the High Seksaoua mining district", The Timing and Location of Major Ore Deposits in an Evolving Orogen, D. J. Blundell, F. Neubauer, A. von Quadt
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The mineralized district of the High Seksaoua (Western High Atlas, Morocco) is characterized by a lithological succession marked by an alternation of schists and limestones attributed to the Cambrian and affected by at least five deformational events. The copper mineralization herein analysed is systematically localized close to a dolomite/black schist level in which a top-to-the-NNW décollement-type tectonics (Dd) has been identified. We demonstrate that the economic mineralization is a syn-tectonic stockwork formed in response of this top-to-the-NNW shearing event (Dd). This tectonic event can be reasonably correlated with the late Hercynian tectonics responsible, in the same area, for the Tichka granite emplacement at c. 291 ± 5 Ma, also under the control of a NW–SE shortening direction. Indeed, the Tichka granite represents a good candidate to explain the origin of the mineralized fluid. Such an hypothesis is confirmed by the Permo-Triassic age (c. 270 Ma) given by 40Ar/39Ar dating realized on white micas related to the stockwork formation (this study). This important result questions the syn-genetic interpretation accepted until now for this mineralization and allows us to propose a new model of formation for this kind of deposit that could contribute to exploration programmes.
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As an outcome of the European Science Foundation scientific programme, GEODE, on geodynamics and ore deposit evolution, this book examines the underlying geodynamic processes that lead to the formation of ore deposits in order to discover what controls the timing and location of major ore deposits in an evolving orogen.
A collection of 19 research papers examines various aspects of ore genesis in the context of the geodynamic processes occurring within an evolving orogen. Although the majority of papers relate to Europe, their findings have a global significance for metallogenesis.
The book will be of interest to all those involved in research or mineral exploration concerned with metallogenesis. In addition, ore deposits provide new evidence about magmatism associated with transient, rapid changes in plate motions and subduction processes in unusual tectonic settings, and are therefore of interest to those involved in both the magmatic and tectonic processes of orogenesis.