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Obliteration of olivine crystallographic preferred orientation patterns in subduction-related antigorite-bearing mantle peridotite: an example from the Higashi–Akaishi body, SW Japan

By
S. R. Wallis
S. R. Wallis
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, JapanDepartment of Earth Sciences, Bristol University, Wills Memorial Building, Queen's Road, Bristol BS8 1RG, UK
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H. Kobayashi
H. Kobayashi
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
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A. Nishii
A. Nishii
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
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T. Mizukami
T. Mizukami
Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
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Y. Seto
Y. Seto
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada Kobe 657-8501, Japan
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Large parts of the mantle wedge near subduction boundaries are likely to be hydrated and contain antigorite. This mineral is acoustically highly anisotropic and potentially has a strong influence on seismic properties of the wedge. The Higashi–Akaishi body of SW Japan is an exhumed sliver of partially serpentinized forearc mantle, ideal for studying the effects of antigorite on the development of tectonic fabrics in the mantle. Samples with less than 1% antigorite show strong B-type olivine crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) patterns. In contrast, samples with >10% antigorite deformed during the same tectonic event show much weaker olivine CPO patterns lacking the flow-normal a-axis concentration. These microstructural data suggest that the development of antigorite during deformation weakens olivine CPO due to phase boundary slip and associated rigid-body rotation of olivine grains. Antigorite and similar sheet silicates are likely to be present to some extent in the mantle wedge of all convergent margins. Our results suggest that even if this amount is only a few percent, strong olivine CPO is unlikely to develop and any pre-existing CPO is likely to be destroyed. Under these conditions, olivine CPO is unlikely to contribute significantly to seismic anisotropy in the mantle wedge.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Microstructures, Mechanics and Anisotropy

David J. Prior
David J. Prior
University of Otago, New Zealand
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Ernest H. Rutter
Ernest H. Rutter
University of Manchester, UK
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Daniel J. Tatham
Daniel J. Tatham
University of Liverpool, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
360
ISBN electronic:
9781862394483
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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