Basement structure in the southern North Sea, offshore Denmark, based on seismic interpretation
Published:January 01, 2002
M. Scheck, H. Thybo, A. Lassen, T. Abramovitz, M. Laigle, 2002. "Basement structure in the southern North Sea, offshore Denmark, based on seismic interpretation", Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe, J. A. Winchester, T. C. Pharaoh, J. Verniers
Download citation file:
Seismic reflection data from the Danish North Sea are interpreted to map the structure of the Palaeozoic basement in the area of the MONA LISA deep seismic lines. Based on a characteristic near-basement reflection, the upper crystalline crust of Baltica of offshore Denmark is traced to the south into the southern Horn-Graben, and to the west to the eastern shoulder of the Central Graben. A two-way-traveltime map of the near-basement horizon and several interpreted seismic sections reveal that three main tectonic events influenced the topography of the basement: (1) a compressional event which could be Caledonian in age; (2) a Palaeozoic extensional event postdating the compressional deformation and expressed in a system of WSW-ESE to W-E striking Palaeozoic half-grabens; and (3) the Permo-Triassic rifting that led to the formation of NNW-SSE to NNE-SSW trending Mesozoic faults of the Horn Graben and the Central Graben which are oriented sub-perpendicular to the Palaeozoic system. Compressive deformation is localized in a narrow zone around and south of the hitherto interpreted Caledonian Deformation Front and foreland deformation on Baltica is suggested as its origin. The seismic image of the Palaeozoic halfgrabens indicates that the East North Sea High is an inverted Palaeozoic rift which subsequently was cut by younger Late Palaeozoic to Mesozoic rifts of the Horn and Central Grabens. The timing of the first extensional phase remains speculative, but it predates the Rotliegend unconformity. Some of the older Palaeozoic normal faults may have been reactivated as transfer zones between the different graben segments during the Permo-Mesozoic extension.
Figures & Tables
Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe
Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe summarizes recent research designed to clarify the timing, geometry and processes by which discrete terranes of Central Europe became amalgamated during the Palaeozoic Era. The area studied extends from the southern North Sea to Central Poland along the Trans-European Suture Zone, covering much of Germany, Denmark, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Poland.
The 16 papers within the volume are divided into five sections: biostratigraphic/provenance evidence; isotopic constraints; petrological and geochemical evidence; structural evolution; seismic traverses and deep crustal structure. The first section contains papers summarizing continent-specific micropalaeontological and sediment provenance information backing current debates about microcontinent derivation and timing of their accretions to the proto-European continent, Baltica. The section on isotopic constraints discusses the use of isotopic dating to constrain the timing of accretions of rock units exposed in the northern Bohemian Massif, while the following section has more detailed studies of metamorphosed ophiolitic complexes adjoining palaeosutures in the same area. The two papers on the structural evolution of the area contrast a detailed review of the structural evolution of the Sudetes, with a broader, more regionally based hypothesis for the structural evolution of all Central Europe. The final section discusses models based on extensive seismic traverses in contrasting parts of the area - Belgium, the southern North Sea and Poland. This wide-ranging study thus encapsulates the most up-to-date ideas on the Palaeozoic amalgamation of Central Europe from the leading international researchers in the field.
The volume will be of interest to those earth scientists in industry and academia with a broad-based interest in the construction of the European continent, primarily biostratigraphers, geophysicists, structural geologists and geochemists.