Collage tectonics in the northeasternmost part of the Variscan Belt: the Sudetes, Bohemian Massif
Published:January 01, 2002
P. Aleksandrowski, S. Mazur, 2002. "Collage tectonics in the northeasternmost part of the Variscan Belt: the Sudetes, Bohemian Massif", Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe, J. A. Winchester, T. C. Pharaoh, J. Verniers
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A synthesis of published and new data is used to interpret the Sudetic segment of the Variscan belt as having formed by the accretion of four major and two or three minor terranes. From west to east the major terranes are (1) Lusatia-Izera Terrane, exposing Armorican continental basement reworked by Ordovician plutonism and Late Devonian-Carboniferous collision, showing Saxothuringian affinities; (2) composite Góry Sowie-Kłodzko Terrane characterized by multistage evolution (Silurian subduction, mid- to late Devonian collision, exhumation and extension, Carboniferous deformational overprint), with analogues elsewhere in the Bohemian Massif, Massif Central and Armorica; (3) Moldanubian (Gföhl) Terrane comprising the Orlica-Śnieżnik and Kamieniec massifs, affected by Early Carboniferous high-grade metamorphism and exhumation and (4) Brunovistulian Terrane in the East Sudetes, set up on Avalonian crust and affected by Devonian to late Carboniferous sedimentation, magmatism and tectonism. The main terranes are separated by two smaller ones squeezed along their boundaries: (1) Moravian Terrane, between the Moldanubian and Brunovistulian, deformed during Early Carboniferous collision, and (2) SE Karkonosze Terrane of affinities to the Saxothuringian oceanic realm, sandwiched betwen the Lusatia-Izera and Góry Sowie-Kłodzko (together with Teplá-Barrandian) terranes, subjected to high pressure-metamorphism and tectonized during Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous convergence. The Kaczawa Terrane in the NW, of oceanic accretionary prism features, metamorphosed and deformed during latest Devonian-Early Carboniferous times, may either be a distinct unit unrelated to closure of the Saxothuringian Ocean or represent a continuation of the SE Karkonosze Terrane.
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Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe
Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe summarizes recent research designed to clarify the timing, geometry and processes by which discrete terranes of Central Europe became amalgamated during the Palaeozoic Era. The area studied extends from the southern North Sea to Central Poland along the Trans-European Suture Zone, covering much of Germany, Denmark, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Poland.
The 16 papers within the volume are divided into five sections: biostratigraphic/provenance evidence; isotopic constraints; petrological and geochemical evidence; structural evolution; seismic traverses and deep crustal structure. The first section contains papers summarizing continent-specific micropalaeontological and sediment provenance information backing current debates about microcontinent derivation and timing of their accretions to the proto-European continent, Baltica. The section on isotopic constraints discusses the use of isotopic dating to constrain the timing of accretions of rock units exposed in the northern Bohemian Massif, while the following section has more detailed studies of metamorphosed ophiolitic complexes adjoining palaeosutures in the same area. The two papers on the structural evolution of the area contrast a detailed review of the structural evolution of the Sudetes, with a broader, more regionally based hypothesis for the structural evolution of all Central Europe. The final section discusses models based on extensive seismic traverses in contrasting parts of the area - Belgium, the southern North Sea and Poland. This wide-ranging study thus encapsulates the most up-to-date ideas on the Palaeozoic amalgamation of Central Europe from the leading international researchers in the field.
The volume will be of interest to those earth scientists in industry and academia with a broad-based interest in the construction of the European continent, primarily biostratigraphers, geophysicists, structural geologists and geochemists.