Coronitic metagabbros of the Mariánské Lázně Complex and Teplá Crystalline Unit: inferences for the tectonometamorphic evolution of the western margin of the Teplá-Barrandian Unit, Bohemian Massif
Published:January 01, 2002
V. Štědrá, V. Kachlík, R. Kryza, 2002. "Coronitic metagabbros of the Mariánské Lázně Complex and Teplá Crystalline Unit: inferences for the tectonometamorphic evolution of the western margin of the Teplá-Barrandian Unit, Bohemian Massif", Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe, J. A. Winchester, T. C. Pharaoh, J. Verniers
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Bodies of coronitic metagabbro occur in the SW Mariánské Lázně Complex (MLC) and the adjacent Teplá Crystalline Unit (TCU) on the western margin of the Teplá-Barrandian Unit (TBU), Bohemian Massif. The characteristic structural, geochemical, petrographic, and metamorphic features of five groups of metagabbros and related rocks are presented, compared with other metabasites of the MLC and Zone of Erbendorff-Vohenstrauss (ZEV), and used to constrain the tectonometamorphic evolution of the western part of the TBU. The metagabbros are considered to be a younger intrusive member of the complicated lower crustal tectonic stack of Upper Proterozoic to Early Palaeozoic age which is formed by the Mariánské Lázně Complex and the Teplá Crystalline Unit together. It is proposed that a significant part of the metamorphic evolution of some parts of these units took place before the emplacement of metagabbros and granitoids at around 496–516 Ma. The sequence of metamorphic events is interpreted to have been as follows. Deep burial of primitive MORB type tholeiitic rocks (a) metamorphosed up to eclogite facies, followed by (b) uplift to lower crustal levels so that the partially exhumed rocks were juxtaposed with other lower/middle crustal rocks. Thermal relaxation (c) followed, with an episode of extension recorded in L-tectonites of amphibolite facies. Once this lithologically variegated stack was welded together, it was intruded by the Upper Cambrian-Lower Ordovician granitoids and gabbros (d). This pre-Variscan metamorphic event may be expressed at the supracrustal level by an unconformity between Upper Cambrian and Lower Ordovician rocks in the Barrandian. The final configuration of the units was established during the Variscan collision of the Teplá Barrandian terrane with Saxothuringia (e) in which the rocks of the MLC and TCU were thrust to the NW over the Saxothuringian para-autochthon. The accompanying metamorphic event reached upper amphibolite facies. The thermally relaxed rocks cooled rapidly, and pre-existing thrust planes were re-activated during the final extensional collapse.
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Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe
Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe summarizes recent research designed to clarify the timing, geometry and processes by which discrete terranes of Central Europe became amalgamated during the Palaeozoic Era. The area studied extends from the southern North Sea to Central Poland along the Trans-European Suture Zone, covering much of Germany, Denmark, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Poland.
The 16 papers within the volume are divided into five sections: biostratigraphic/provenance evidence; isotopic constraints; petrological and geochemical evidence; structural evolution; seismic traverses and deep crustal structure. The first section contains papers summarizing continent-specific micropalaeontological and sediment provenance information backing current debates about microcontinent derivation and timing of their accretions to the proto-European continent, Baltica. The section on isotopic constraints discusses the use of isotopic dating to constrain the timing of accretions of rock units exposed in the northern Bohemian Massif, while the following section has more detailed studies of metamorphosed ophiolitic complexes adjoining palaeosutures in the same area. The two papers on the structural evolution of the area contrast a detailed review of the structural evolution of the Sudetes, with a broader, more regionally based hypothesis for the structural evolution of all Central Europe. The final section discusses models based on extensive seismic traverses in contrasting parts of the area - Belgium, the southern North Sea and Poland. This wide-ranging study thus encapsulates the most up-to-date ideas on the Palaeozoic amalgamation of Central Europe from the leading international researchers in the field.
The volume will be of interest to those earth scientists in industry and academia with a broad-based interest in the construction of the European continent, primarily biostratigraphers, geophysicists, structural geologists and geochemists.