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Abstract

The West Sudetes, NE Bohemian Massif, comprises several suspect terranes accreted to the margins of Laurussia during Variscan orogenesis. Whole rock REE and Sm-Nd isotope data for seven separate provinces (Izera, Kaczawa, Rudawy Janowickie and Kłodzko complexes; Fore-Sudetic and Góry Sowie Blocks; Slęża Ophiolite) suggest involvement of a variety of crustal and mantle sources. Felsic metasedimentary rocks (εNd(t) = −8.3 to −5.0) have two stage TDM ages of 1.9 to 1.5 Ga, whereas acidic metavolcanic rocks and granite gneisses (εNd(t) = −5.4 to +0.8) have two stage TDM ages of 1.5 to 1.0 Ga. A range of sources is implicated: predominantly Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic sources for the metasedimentary rocks, and Archaean. Palaeoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic to early Palaeozoic sources for the meta-igneous felsic lithologies. LREE depleted tholeiitic metabasites ((Ce/Yb)N = 0.8 to 3.4) generally have εNd(t) = +4.0 to +9.1, indicating derivation from depleted mantle asthenosphere. LREE enriched meta-alkali basalts ((Ce/Yb)N = 4.6 to 10.1) with εNd(t) between +3.1 and +7.0 implicate utilization of enriched mantle asthenosphere.

Analogous lithologies from elsewhere in the Sudetes, North Bohemian Massif and the Armorican Terrane Assemblage have similar REE abundances, εNd values and TDM ages. Complexes previously considered to have had disparate Neoproterozoic to early Palaeozoic histories may be integrated into a unifying geodynamic model of derivation from the North Gondwanan (North African) margin during a widespread episode of continental margin break-up.

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