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Tectonically disturbed Ordovician rocks penetrated by deep drillholes in Pomerania, NW Poland (Koszalin-Chojnice Zone) belong to the Heligoland-Pomerania Deformation Belt. Earlier data demonstrate that the Avalonia-Baltica collision occurred in Late Ordovician times, but in Pomerania, the timing of convergence has not been ascertained, and it is uncertain if the rocks underneath the Koszalin-Chojnice Zone belong to Avalonia or Baltica. Data from chitinozoans, organic-walled Palaeozoic microfossils with applications in biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography, were assessed from ten boreholes (Brda 2; Brda 3; Chojnice 5; Karsina 1; Kościernica 1; Nowa Wieś 1; Okunino 1; Sarbinowo 1; Skibno 1; Wyszebórz 1) to address these problems. The results improve the biostratigraphy of the cores and demonstrate that the youngest Ordovician rocks are of a Burrellian (early mid Caradoc) to Cheneyan (late mid Caradoc) age. Because these rocks are interpreted as forming part of the deformation belt, the obtained ages put a lower age limit on the initiation of foreland basin sedimentation on the foreland of the orogeny, i.e. the Baltic platform. Quantitative comparison of chitinozoan assemblages demonstrates a high level of similarity between Pomerania and Avalonia. Together, Pomerania and Avalonia show greater similarity to Baltoscandia than to North Gondwana, supporting the idea that the Tornquist Ocean had narrowed significantly in early Caradoc times.

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