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Devonian (Givetian) miospores from the Walls Group, Shetland

By
J. E. A. Marshall
J. E. A. Marshall
School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, Southampton Oceanography Centre, European Way, Southampton, S014 3ZH, UK (e-mail: jeam@mail.soc.soton.ac.uk)
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Published:
January 01, 2000

Abstract

Miospores demonstrate that the Walls Group of West Shetland is of early and possibly in part late Givetian age (Late Mid-Devonian age). This is both substantially younger in age and of a shorter duration than previously estimated. The correlative rocks of the Walls Group are those of southeast Shetland, Fair Isle, the Eday Group of Orkney and the John O'Groats Sandstone Group of Caithness. The two formations of the Walls Group are, at least in part, time equivalent rather than a stacked sequence. The total thickness of sediment is likely to be much less than the generally cited 12 km, given the short time duration represented by the single miospore assemblage identified throughout the succession. The low diversity of the miospore assemblage and its fluctuating dominant species is interpreted as reflecting a local vegetation source in a low preservation environment. The age and thermal maturity contrast between the Walls Group and the sedimentary successions to the west (Melby, Papa Stour and Foula) provide further constraints on the movement history along the St Magnus Bay Fault system.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone

Geological Society of London
Volume
180
ISBN electronic:
9781862394285
Publication date:
January 01, 2000

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