Age and provenance of limestone clasts in Lower Old Red Sandstone conglomerates: implications for the geological history of the Midland Valley Terrane
Howard A. Armstrong, Alan W. Owen, 2000. "Age and provenance of limestone clasts in Lower Old Red Sandstone conglomerates: implications for the geological history of the Midland Valley Terrane", New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone, P. F. Friend, B. P. J. Williams
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Conodont-bearing limestone clasts in Lower Old Red Sandstone conglomerates in the Lanark and Strathmore basins and the Pentland Hills Inlier, Midland Valley, Scotland, indicate a source in a cryptic arc terrane with a mid-Ordovician (P. serra–P. anserinus Biozone) limestone cover. Simpson coefficients of similarity indicate that the faunas from the limestone clasts are closer to conodont faunas from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland, and the Wrae Limestone in the Northern Belt of the Southern Uplands, than to those in coeval strata from the Laurentian margin including Girvan. Conodont colour alteration index values indicate separate thermal histories for the limestone clasts and coeval strata in the Girvan Inlier. The cryptic arc was located to north of the Northern Belt of the Southern Uplands during Ashgill time and to south of the Midland Valley in Late Silurian–Early Devonian time and clearly had a complex tectonic history.
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New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone
From the 1960s onwards, the Old Red Sandstone of both borders of the Atlantic Ocean has acted as a test-bed for the development of new ideas on the interpretation of fluvial, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentary rocks, and the investigation of tectonically-active basins. Much of the earlier reconnaissance work is now being reviewed in the light of further detailed field study, along with new developments in the understanding of the biostratigraphy, palaeobiology, geochronology, pedogenesis and tectonics.
Three general papers review recent work on the stratigraphical and chronological analysis of the Late Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous strata, and summarize present understanding of the tectonics of the basins. These are then followed by twenty-seven contributions covering new work in Eastern USA, Canada, Ireland, Britain, Norway, Greenland and Spitsbergen.