Fault-bounded basin fill: fluvial response to tectonic controls in the Skrinkle Sandstones of SW Pembrokeshire, Wales
J.D. Marshall, 2000. "Fault-bounded basin fill: fluvial response to tectonic controls in the Skrinkle Sandstones of SW Pembrokeshire, Wales", New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone, P. F. Friend, B. P. J. Williams
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The Upper Devonian to Lower Carboniferous Skrinkle Sandstones of the Pembroke Peninsula are predominantly continental deposits from the post-Caledonian syn-rift succession at the southern margin of the Late Palaeozoic Welsh Landmass. The Sandstones record deposition in the 30 km × 10 km Tenby–Angle fault block, the southernmost of a series of fault-bounded depositional basins in SW Dyfed. Activity on the bounding faults strongly influenced sedimentation through Lower Palaeozoic time. The Skrinkle Sandstones are conventionally assigned to a phase of relative fault inactivity, passive transgression of the area and southward drainage off the landmass. The Ritec Fault at the northern block boundary defined a temporary shoreline during final submergence. In contrast to this, it is argued that the lower half of the Skrinkle Sandstones represent a separate structural configuration, where SE-directed palaeocurrents and the high textural maturity of two superimposed basin-fill sequences indicate axial basin fill and potential closure to the south. The upper half records an influx of immature clastic deposits as fluvial sediments that disperse to the southwest, indicating relative uplift of either the Ritec or a more northerly fault. This phase records the true transgression, during which a thick barrier–lagoon coastline is preserved against the footwall ramp of the Ritec Fault.
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New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone
From the 1960s onwards, the Old Red Sandstone of both borders of the Atlantic Ocean has acted as a test-bed for the development of new ideas on the interpretation of fluvial, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentary rocks, and the investigation of tectonically-active basins. Much of the earlier reconnaissance work is now being reviewed in the light of further detailed field study, along with new developments in the understanding of the biostratigraphy, palaeobiology, geochronology, pedogenesis and tectonics.
Three general papers review recent work on the stratigraphical and chronological analysis of the Late Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous strata, and summarize present understanding of the tectonics of the basins. These are then followed by twenty-seven contributions covering new work in Eastern USA, Canada, Ireland, Britain, Norway, Greenland and Spitsbergen.