Palaeoenvironment of the plant bearing horizons of the Devonian–Carboniferous Kiltorcan Formation, Kiltorcan Hill, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland
D. E. Jarvis, 2000. "Palaeoenvironment of the plant bearing horizons of the Devonian–Carboniferous Kiltorcan Formation, Kiltorcan Hill, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland", New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone, P. F. Friend, B. P. J. Williams
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The environment of deposition of the plant-bearing horizons of the Devonian– Carboniferous Kiltorcan Formation in Co. Kilkenny is poorly known. Previous studies suggested a possible lacustrine palaeoenvironment with plant material being swept in and fluvial conditions. Reinvestigation of the plant-rich localities on Kiltorcan Hill using both sedimentological facies and palynofacies suggests that there were high-sinuosity streams carrying fine-grained sediments with the plant fossils preserved on point bars, and marginal back-swamp conditions with plant material deposited close to the growth site.
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New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone
From the 1960s onwards, the Old Red Sandstone of both borders of the Atlantic Ocean has acted as a test-bed for the development of new ideas on the interpretation of fluvial, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentary rocks, and the investigation of tectonically-active basins. Much of the earlier reconnaissance work is now being reviewed in the light of further detailed field study, along with new developments in the understanding of the biostratigraphy, palaeobiology, geochronology, pedogenesis and tectonics.
Three general papers review recent work on the stratigraphical and chronological analysis of the Late Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous strata, and summarize present understanding of the tectonics of the basins. These are then followed by twenty-seven contributions covering new work in Eastern USA, Canada, Ireland, Britain, Norway, Greenland and Spitsbergen.