A new terrane in the Old Red Sandstone of the Dingle Peninsula, SW Ireland
Lorna K. Richmond, Brian P. J. Williams, 2000. "A new terrane in the Old Red Sandstone of the Dingle Peninsula, SW Ireland", New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone, P. F. Friend, B. P. J. Williams
Download citation file:
We propose the name Northwest Dingle Domain for the enigmatic Old Red Sandstone terrane whose tectono-sedimentary evolution has perplexed generations of geologists. The Domain remained largely misinterpreted, unappraised or simply disregarded, and its fundamental impact on regional basin dynamics was grossly overlooked. The Northwest Dingle Domain is largely structurally constrained between two ENE-trending Caledonian structures: the North Kerry Lineament and the Fohernamanagh Fault. It comprises four unconformity-bounded Groups: the Lower Devonian Smerwick Group; the Middle Devonian Pointagare Group; and the Upper Devonian Carrigduff and Ballyroe Groups. Their fluvial–aeolian, and locally tidal, sedimentation patterns profile Late Caledonian transpression to Mid–Late Devonian extension. The inherent primary structural control on basin location, development, geometry, sedimentary-fill and preservation is manifest in the Northwest Dingle Domain. The Acadian emplacement of the Smerwick Group set the foundations of the Northwest Dingle Domain. The Smerwick Group documents sandy and gravelliferous ephemeral-fluvial and erg-margin aeolian processes on an ancient terminal fan(s). The Pointagare Group is cogenetic with the Caherbla Group of south Dingle. Together they record the renewed influx of coarse-grained sediment in the form of transverse alluvial fans and axial braidplains in response to increased tectonism followed by overstep of an erg complex. The Pointagare–Caherbla basin model highlights the fundamental structural control on basin topography, palaeodrainage patterns, provenance, palaeowind directions and sedimentation style in tectonically-active extensional basins.
Figures & Tables
New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone
From the 1960s onwards, the Old Red Sandstone of both borders of the Atlantic Ocean has acted as a test-bed for the development of new ideas on the interpretation of fluvial, lacustrine and aeolian sedimentary rocks, and the investigation of tectonically-active basins. Much of the earlier reconnaissance work is now being reviewed in the light of further detailed field study, along with new developments in the understanding of the biostratigraphy, palaeobiology, geochronology, pedogenesis and tectonics.
Three general papers review recent work on the stratigraphical and chronological analysis of the Late Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous strata, and summarize present understanding of the tectonics of the basins. These are then followed by twenty-seven contributions covering new work in Eastern USA, Canada, Ireland, Britain, Norway, Greenland and Spitsbergen.