Continental margin off Norway 62–75°N: Palaeogene tectono-magmatic segmentation and sedimentation
O. Eldholm, F. Tsikalas, J. I. Faleide, 2002. "Continental margin off Norway 62–75°N: Palaeogene tectono-magmatic segmentation and sedimentation", The North Atlantic Igneous Province: Stratigraphy, Tectonic, Volcanic and Magmatic Processes, D. W. Jolley, B. R. Bell
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The development of rifted and sheared segments on the Norwegian continental margin between 62 and 75°N is spatially related to a distinct along-margin segmentation which is governed by transfer zones formed during the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous rift episode. In fact, these structures may represent a repeated structural inheritance going back to the Proterozoic. Complete lithospheric breakup near the Paleocene-Eocene transition was preceded by a rift episode which was probably initiated in the early to middle Campanian. It culminated with a massive, regional magmatic event during breakup characterized by eruption of thick lava sequences covering large areas along the continent-ocean transition. The Norwegian volcanic margin belongs to the North Atlantic Large Igneous Province formed by impingement of the Iceland plume on a lithosphere under extension. Offsets in the initial plate boundary, combined with late rift uplift and subsequent construction of emerged marginal highs during breakup, provide key constraints on the Palaeogene water mass circulation, basin evolution and sedimentation during a period of progressive environmental deterioration following early Eocene greenhouse conditions.
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The North Atlantic Igneous Province has been the subject of extensive scientific investigation over the past thirty years, with a wide field of knowledge being accumulated. Recently, recognition of the potential role of Large Igneous Provinces in affecting ocean and atmosphere systems and biotic evolutionary pathways has lead to increased interest in this province. This has been further stimulated by the expansion in the search for oil and gas in Mesozoic and Tertiary sediments along the NE Atlantic Margin. An improved understanding of the interaction between igneous and sedimentary processes is vital for the identification of potential hydrocarbon resources.
The regions covered include continental margin Norway, east and west Greenland, the Faroe-Shetland Basin and the Faroe Islands themselves. The papers in this book contain new data and interpretations of North Atlantic Igneous Province magmatic processes, rift evolution, tectonics, stratigraphy (chemostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, seismic and isotope stratigraphy) and sediment dispersal. Many of the papers adopt a multidisciplinary approach to tha analysis and interpretation of complex volcanic and sedimentary sequences. These new data, and the reviews and compilations of existing data provide the reader with access to current research directions in North Atlantic Igneous Province geology.